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Agricultural Fertilizer Spreaders: Different Types and Operations

Oct. 14, 2020

With the help of fertilizers, we can increase the nutrient content in the soil and obtain high yields. These are used for fruit trees, vineyards, and even other types of crops. Currently, fertilizer spreaders have been developed, and some do not know what types exist and how each type of spreader works.

What elements does the fertilizer applicator have?

Ferterlizer Spreader contains 4 main elements:

Hopper: Lower the total center of gravity of the machine and promote the discharge of fertilizer.

Distribution: It is an oscillating tube or multiple discs with trays, and fertilizer falls from the funnel onto the trays. This element is driven by a hydraulic motor or the power output shaft of a tractor.

Distributor: The element responsible for determining the amount of fertilizer dropped from the hopper to provide the best dosage.

Drive: They are driven by traction wheels, power take-offs or two wheels carrying the machine.

After figuring out the ingredients (you will surely know), we will introduce you to the 3 main types of fertilizer spreaders.

Different types of fertilizer applicators

There are 3 different types of machines, using one of them will mark the type used.


They are characterized by simplicity and low workload. They usually have a basic mechanism, and the working width is usually no larger than the means of transportation. To distribute fertilizer evenly, you can use different mechanisms (such as grids, chains, etc.) to increase the working width of the fertilizer.

Ferterlizer Spreader

Ferterlizer Spreader

Centrifugal spreader

They are the most commonly used. They are also very simple, but stand out because of their low cost and achieve a uniform distribution of fertilizer, especially when dealing with pellets. The fertilizer falls from the trap door, and then there are discs or rotating tubes that are responsible for distributing it across the entire width of the machine. If it is a double disc, they tend to be very uniform and get a better working width.

Pneumatic fertilizer applicator

Finally, although more advanced, it is still pneumatic technology. They try to reduce the amount of fertilizer without giving up the level of homogeneity. They have a working width of up to 24 meters and are very similar to pneumatic planters.

The diffuser distributes the particles evenly in the direction we choose. They are usually very efficient, although they are much more expensive. Usually, we will see this type of fertilizer applicator in large farms because they use much less fertilizer and are more efficient or more efficient than any of the above.

If you need help or are looking for, please feel free to contact us. Through this article, we just want to show you how current agricultural fertilizer spreaders are so that you can understand the types that exist. If you need professional advice, the best thing is to contact us directly.

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